Cerebral Palsy or "CP"
The Perfect Step Approach
Cerebral Palsy is one of the many neurological disorders that is treated at TPS. Although many people affected by cerebral palsy are able to walk, our goal at TPS is to improve on those abilities through gait training activities, strength training, and resistance exercises. Our highly trained Specialists will focus on retraining the body to do things it cannot currently do.
What is Cerebral Palsy?
Initial signs of Cerebral Palsy are typically identified in infancy or early childhood but are permanent with no current cure. The disorder is presented in many different forms but affects muscle coordination and overall body movement due to abnormalities in the brain. Traditional treatment for individuals affected by cerebral palsy include physical therapy, speech therapy, medications to relieve pain, spasms, and seizures. Surgery may also be recommended for various problems related to loss of muscle control. Braces, orthotic devices, wheelchairs and other devices may be used to improved daily living and independence.
The cause of Cerebral Palsy is a brain injury or brain malformation that occurs while the brain is developing — before, during, or after birth. As a result of the brain damage during brain development a child’s muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance can be affected. It can also impact a child’s fine motor skills, gross motor skills, and oral motor functioning.
Every case of Cerebral Palsy is unique to the individual. This is due in part by the type of injury, extent of injury, and the timing of injury to the developing brain. The brain damage that causes Cerebral Palsy is a result of either:
- Prenatal disturbance of brain cell migration – genetic and environmental factors disturb brain cell migration as cells move to their appropriate location during brain development.
- Prenatal poor myelination (insulation) of developing nerve cell fibers – brain function is impeded when poor myelin provides an inadequate protective covering over nerve cells that aid in the transmission.
- Perinatal brain cell death – events in the birthing process that rupture blood vessels or starve oxygen to the brain.
- Postnatal non-functional or inappropriate connections (synapses) between brain cells – trauma, infections, and asphyxia that damage connections developed in the brain.